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How to water the orchids
How to improper watering orchids watering orchids is probably in most cases the cause of loss
Improper watering orchids is probably in most cases, the cause of their loss. Watering orchids, contrary to appearances, but it is not difficult - there is no secret way to do this and it does not depend on the cycles of the moon, however, requires a slightly different rules than other plants grown at home. You will need to know and understand the basic principles of orchids.
Understanding the root system of orchids.
Most cultivated orchids are epiphytes in the house, this means that in nature live attached to other plants or even rocks. They are not parasitic plants, they use other perennials such support.
The roots of these plants are highly specialized organs that much different from ordinary roots of other household products. Of course, it is difficult to describe the root system of all orchids. It is the largest group of plants in the world, and as you know every rule has exceptions. In this article we will therefore epiphytes, which includes tropical orchids. Better yet, if you follow the guidelines for each species in relation to watering.
The roots of orchids are surrounded by a thin membrane called velamen. This membrane is capable of a quick soak in very large quantities of water, in a neighborhood with a rough surface and facilitates the exchange of minerals and nutrients. This movie is an excellent indicator of the demand for water plants.
Dry film is white or black, get a fresh green or soaked is inflated - depending on the species. Learn how to retrieve information about the plants demand for water from the roots, so youll be sure you have proper watering.
Remember - most orchids can withstand the light of water scarcity than excess. Orchid roots are constantly wet quickly begin to rot, leading to plant death.
The most common mistakes when watering.
Orchids are tropical plants, is not it? So they need lots of water, is not it? Well, not quite. Many popular orchids are tropical plants, but these are plants that live in trees.
Some species of orchids in winter will leave May. It is also wrong. Know, however, what kind of growth.
As already mentioned, it is difficult to define clear rules. It is best if you follow the recommendations for the species. However, there are some things you can do to increase your chances for success.
Its watered thoroughly. Different breeders have different rules, but many of them believe that the best turn on sprinklers for 8 minutes or more. In their view, the well-watered plants in the home, from time to time you dive into a bucket or sink filled with water. Some species, such as Vandas can be left floating in the water for a surprisingly long time. The idea is to make sure that the film is fully saturated. If we look at the small droplets suspended in the bud after watering, it means that the plant is fully hydrated.
Check your water. For a long time orchid growers thought they could just watered with rain water. However, nowadays most people use for this purpose, ordinary tap water, which is also fine. However, keep in mind that the treated tap water may contain higher amounts of salt, or it can be enriched with calcium. If you notice on the plant so that it is a bad sign, you better look for other sources of water for irrigation.
If you are unsure whether or not to complain, do not complain. This May sound strange, but if you are not sure whether to water the orchids, do not do it. Of course there are exceptions to this rule, if any kind shall be watered at the time, quickly faded. However, most potted Epiphytic orchids prefer a moderate drought, but over-hydration.
Factors that affect watering.
There is no safe way, when and how much water the orchids. But it is precisely because of growing these plants can be very rewarding. The question of balance, instinct, and of course patience. Here are some of the factors to be taken into account when making scheduling irrigation:
Desiccant. Different retain moisture absorbers of different amounts of water. Pine bark retains more water in comparison with granular charcoal or clay. Better water retention, less water is needed for watering plants. Climbing plants need more water.
Types. Make sure you know what kinds of plants grow, and retain their demands. Various species of orchids can have very different requirements for irrigation and in different ways can tolerate drying or over-hydration. Start the culture of one or even two favorite species.
Temperature. The higher the temperature, the greater the demand for water.
Humidity. General principle that there is more moisture, the plants need less water. Humidity is closely associated with the type of absorber used.
The flow of air. Orchids as large flow of fresh air around the roots - Climbing variety - and around the leaves. But remember, the more airflow, faster drying. Thus, it includes more watering.