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How to explain ERP Enterprise Resource Planning in corporations
How to explain ERP
Information large business organizations are collected on different servers across many functional units that are sometimes separated by geographical boundaries. Such islands of data that can possibly serve the individual organizational units, but fail to improve business performance, speed and expertise in enterprise-wide.
How to interpret ERP
term ERP originally referred to the way in which a large organization planned to use their resources. In the past, ERP systems used in large industrial companies and more. However, the use of ERP systems to be radically changed over a period of several years . Today, this term can be applied to any type of company business in any field, regardless of the size and importance of the business. In todays terms, a software architecture of ERP systems probably can completely cover a wide range of company functions and integrate them into one single the data warehouse. For example, functions such as the functions of human resources, supply chain management, customer relationship management, finance, production and inventory management and logistics have been previously isolated software applications, which are mainly supplied their own applications, database and network. Today, all these sectors can work together under one umbrella - ERP system. To be considered a software system with ERP, it must provide the company with many functional properties such as flexibility, modularity & clarity, breadth, the finest business processes and global focus.
Integration is the key to ERP systems
Integration is a very important part of the ERP system. Integration of business processes support the development of communication and information sharing, resulting in remarkably by increasing productivity, speed and business effect. main objective is the integration of ERP systems and processes information from all branches of business of an organization and incorporating them in order to be easily accessed and created a structured working process. It is characteristic that the integration is achieved by constructing a single warehouse or database that communicates with multiple software applications , providing a variety of diverse sectors of an organization of business statistics and information. Although the ideal configuration represented an ERP system for the entire organization, many larger businesses typically develop unique functional and system slowly making interface with other business sectors. This type of system development can be time and be very expensive.
ideal ERP systems
ERP system could be characterized as the best model solutions for the whole company by linking all of the following organizational processes with a central storage database and united computer platforms.
Production Engineering resource planning & capacity planning materials, workflow management, shop floor management, Quality Control, the list of materials needed for manufacturing, process manufacturing, etc.. Finance
payable, accounts receivable, fixed assets, general ledger, management of flows Money - cash management - and billing - contract / service -.
Human resources recruitment, benefits, compensation, training, payroll, hours, and records of attendance at work, workers rights, people management. Supply Chain Management
goods inventory management, supply chain planning, procurement schedules, claims, administration orders, planning, procurement, transport and distribuciia. Projects
calculation of production costs, billing, activity management, time and cost. CRM
Sale and marketing, services, commissions, customer contact and maintenance after the sale. Database
Generally, it is a storehouse of information that can access the organization, customers, suppliers and employees for their information and orientation easier.
ERP systems improve productivity and speed of evolution
Before ERP model, each sector of the company had its own isolated software application that did not interface with any other system. This isolated work environments are not able to synchronize processes within the sector and thus impeded productivity, speed and performance of the organization. As a result there have been problems such as incompatible data exchange standards, the lack of synchronization, incomplete understanding finkcionisanja companies, non-productive decisions, and so on. For example, when it comes to availability of finance money would not be able to coordinate with the team procurement in terms of planning purchases.
Therefore, the development of a comprehensive ERP system across the organization gives as a result of increased performance, synchronized business trends, standardized formats for exchanging information, a complete review of the functioning of enterprises, optimization of global decisions, improving the speed, etc.. Implementation of ERP systems
Implementing ERP systems in an organization is an extremely complex process. Requires fairly systematic planning, expert consultation, and a structured approach. Thanks to its wide scope, its implementation in a large organization may even take years. Finally, implementation of ERP systems requires significant changes in personnel and business processes. Although it may be practical to do an internal IT department leads this project, it is usually recommended consulting with experts in ERP systems, as they are specially trained to develop these types of systems. Organizations generally hire companies to sell software or consulting in connection with the ERP system to implement ERP system tailored to their business. There are three types of professional services that include implementation of ERP systems, such as consulting, maintenance and adaptation. Consulting services - are responsible for the initial phase of implementation of ERP systems by helping to revive the organization using a new system of training for products, business streams, improvements in the use of ERP systems in specific organizations, etc.. Service adaptation - extending the use of a new ERP system or changing its use by creating a custom interface or hidden application code. Although ERP systems are designed for many basic tasks, there is always something that needs to develop or adapt a particular organization. Maintenance services - including support and maintenance of ERP systems, for example, detection of problems and assistance in resolving issues related to the ERP system. / Ul The process of implementation of ERP system passes through five main phases: structural planning, process evaluation, data collection & cleaning, education & testing & evaluation and use. Structural Planning is the first and most important stage when selecting spossoban project team, analyze the existing business processes, a thorough study of the flow of information within and outside the organization, set the main objectives and formulate a comprehensive plan of implementation. The assessment process is the next important phase in which to explore the ability of future software, manual business processes, identify, and create standard operating procedures. Collection and delete data: helps to identify data to be converted and new information that will be necessary. Collected data is then analyzed to check the accuracy and completeness by discarding unnecessary / unwanted information. Education and Testing: Helps to try the system and train users in terms of ERP mechanisms. The project team tested and verified the complete database using multiple methods and testing process. Use and Evaluation: Final of the continuous phase of the ERP. ERP systems that were recently implemented to develop live within an organization, a project team are regularly checked to detect any flaws or errors. Benefits of ERP systems
There are many benefits of implementing ERP systems. Some of them are listed here: Perfectly integrated system linking all areas of functional ability to streamline different processes and organizational workflows ability to effortlessly transmit information through various sectors Improved efficiency, performance and productivity levels Increased monitoring and forecasting activities of improvement of service delivery customers and their satisfaction
Mane ERP system
Although the benefits usually outweigh the disadvantages when implementing ERP systems in most organizations, here are some common obstacles encountered in practice: a limited range of adaptation In some circumstances existing business processes must be taught again in order to synchronize with the ERP system, ERP system implementation can be very expensive There may be a lack of continuous technical support of ERP systems may be too rigid for specific organizations that are either new or want to be in direct more modern direction in the near future Source: What is ERP
ERP - Eng. Enterprise Resource Planning - Planning resources in corporations - is, first of all, the integration of business management practices and modern technology. Information Technology - IT - integrate the most important business processes in the organization to modernize and achieve defined business goals. Thus, ERP is the union of three major components: the practice of business management, information technology and specific business goals. In other words, the massive ERP software architecture that supports the routing of data flow and distribution of geographically dispersed business data all the functional units of the company. It provides executive management companies conducting a comprehensive review of all business activities, which in a productive way can influence their subsequent decisions. In the center of the ERP is well organized, centralized data warehouse that collects information from the same suppliers for incomplete applications that work on universal computing platform.