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Cervical cancer is a malignant disease. First stage of this malignancy is the beginning of change in cervical tissue whose cells start to divide a large continuity. Followed by further stages, the tissue is more premalignant changes, but not the symptoms. However, preventive gynecological exam is an opportunity to note the altered cells at an early stage and to immediately commence treatment to avoid metastasis.
most commonly affects females, aged between thirty five and fifty years, although in recent years, this malignancy appears with much younger women and girls.
Risk factors - diseases that are sexually transmitted, chlamydia, an infection - HPV - human papilloma virus infection - HSV - herpes simplex virus, sexual relations before the age of seventeen , promiscuity - often changing partners -, long-term use of oral contraceptive use, alcohol intake, air pollution, unhealthy lifestyles - tobacco, stress that can weaken the immune system and the genetic factor - cancer in mother, sister or aunt.
Symptoms of cervical cancer
- ichor in vaginal secretions, bleeding during or after intercourse, pain in the bottom of the stomach and adjacent crossing routes.
diagnosis and treatment
- unfortunately, the girls increasingly early sexual relationships, using no protection against sexually transmitted diseases and infections, promiscuity is on the rise, many girls and women do not come on preventive gynecological examinations, until the symptoms become clear. But when he later discovered, the disease is already developed, recovery will be difficult and will be successful in only 30 percent of female patients. With timely diagnosis, usually 100 percent of the patients the disease win.
gynecological examination, the patient will be subjected to a bimanual examination, colposcopy, and Pap test.
Colposcopy - not particularly unpleasant or painful. doctor will perform with the colposcope - a special type of microscope -.
Pap test - stick gynecologist takes a sample of vaginal swabs for further tests. Ovulation is the ideal time in which you can do the Pap test.
These methods will help to detect malignant changes. patient being referred for treatment and surgery if the initial stages of treatment or the use of radiation, in case the disease took hold.
cervix and adjacent sets of cells are removed and the uterus remains if the patient is capable of giving birth.
Council plus: all women, regardless of age, should go on preventive gynecological examinations twice a year, even if you do not feel any discomfort. Prevention is the best medicine.