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How to produce champagne? | Food and Beverage

How to produce champagne? Champagne is a sparkling wine that come mainly from the region of Champagne-Ardennes, France

Champagne is a sparkling wine that come mainly from the region of Champagne-Ardennes, France. The size of the region is 25 600 km2, with 1.3 million inhabitants, and most important industries, agriculture and metallurgy. 61.4% of the land agriculture, of which 290 km2 are the vineyards. tradition of wine production and grapes is very long.
late 17th century, Dom Perignon, a blind monk of the Benedictine abbey Hautviller, he found a way to make extra champagne and quality specific wine. Until then, the problem was as dead yeasts remained in the bottle, and their residue zamućivao the wine and gave him an unpleasant taste. other subsequent fermentation to develop carbon dioxide, which gives it a nice lather and distinctive taste of annoying. This fermentation can occur spontaneously and can be caused by specific strains of yeast. Dom Perignon is now called the world-famous champagne
Two methods of production:
method Champenoise - Dom Perignon method. This method is very expensive because it requires lots of space and labor. Each bottle has, over several months, shaking every day, which wrap around the stage and slightly tilted to the end of the yeast sediment collected from the neck of the bottle. Losses from bursting bottles are sometimes large, and also and loses a lot of wine in bottles deblocking procedure and spill residues.
Method charmat - fermentation takes place in steel tanks - tankovska method -; filling pressure in the tanks where the main emphasis on the industrialization of production. this method obtained large quantities of champagne with a little work and losses. charmat method called by its discoverers.
Today is the name Champagne is protected and may only be used for sparkling wines produced in Champagne-Ardennes region. Other French sparkling wines bear the name Crèmant
independent producers or organized in the champagne houses that produce brands - Pierre Mignon, Moet Chandon, Princeton, Duval Leroy, Taittinger -.
varieties that produce the Champagne: Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay

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