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How did the African Americans? | History

How did the African Americans? Large number of citizens of the United States are descendants of slaves who were over 17

A large number of citizens of the United States are descendants of slaves who were in the 17th, 18th and early 19th century, taken from West Africa to North and South America to work on plantations. They were formerly called blacks, but today generally accepted name for African-Americans.
Most slaves worked on farms in the Southern states. import of slaves stopped in 1808. when the U.S. banned the slave trade. Act was passed freeing all slaves in 1863., during American Civil War, although many states segregated South quickly adopted laws that require that the former slaves and their descendants must live in a separate part of town, go to special schools to be segregated from whites in public places. Because most blacks could not school or find a satisfying job.
First and Second World War significantly changed the position of African Americans. Thousands of blacks voluntarily joined the armed forces, and several million of them moved to the north, where there were more jobs and factories.
After the Second World War, African Americans are even more loudly demanded all human and civil rights including education in the same schools and colleges with the whites. Martin Luther King led a movement of African Americans during the 50s and the 60s of the 20th century, but the 1968th was murdered for her beliefs. same year, there are a lot of unrest in major cities in the north. People are protesting because, although the laws were changed, a large number of whites has not changed his attitude toward blacks. common request was to stop any form of discrimination. During the 70s and 80s, a series of laws that equalize the rights of all citizens of the United States, but realized that much harder to change the thinking of some people.
Darkness can not expel darkness: only light can do that. Hate can not banish hatred, just love it to be.
[Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.]

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