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Disaccharides are carbohydrates that are constructed of two monosaccharides. Disaccharides and monosaccharides are also called sugars so that when we talk about sugar on the mono-and disaccharides
Depending on the complexity of the molecules are divided into simple and complex. The following are we them from simple to complex. Monosaccharides-simplest carbohydrates Glucose is the most common carbohydrate in our body. All complex carbohydrates are the body breaks down into glucose before they enter the bloodstream. Fructose is a carbohydrate found in fruits, honey and sometimes vegetables. It has the sweetest taste of all carbohydrates. Because of its sweetness, fructose is the most commonly used sweetener in the food processing industry. Galactose is a carbohydrate that is composed of lactose (milk sugar). Disaccharides Disaccharides are carbohydrates that are constructed of two monosaccharides. Disaccharides and monosaccharides are also called sugars so that when we talk about sugar on the mono-and disaccharides. When we talk about carbohydrates refer to a broader group which includes also oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Sucrose (table sugar) is the most common sugar in the human diet (do not interfere with the glucose that is most present in the body). It is found in white or brown crystals, and the shelves of all stores. Sucrose is derived from sugar cane. Composed of the basic elements of glucose and fructose. It is thought that brown sugar is healthier than white but it is not always so. Sugar producers, recognizing the demand for unrefined sugar that is brown, sometimes brown, add artificial color to white sugar to become brown. This sugar is unrefined, but more refined than regular white sugar. Lactose (milk sugar) is created in the milk gland in mammals and plays an important role in the infant. Lactose is the body breaks down into glucose and galactose. For a breakdown of the required enzyme lactase. This enzyme is the most common organism in infants. With aging the production of enzymes decreases as the body no longer milk intake. This does not apply to people, people produce the enzyme lifetime and because milk is so popular in our diet. However, this enzyme with a lifetime is not true for all ethnic groups and all people. Many people can not break down lactose and have stomach problems if they consume milk. Such persons should avoid milk. Oligosaccharides and polysaccharides Oligosaccharides are carbohydrates with three to ten molecules. Carbohydrates with more than 10 molecules are polysaccharides. In the following we will for simplicity omit the oligosaccharides and speak only of polysaccharides. Polysaccharides: Mostly starch-polysaccharide in the diet. Starch is found in rice, wheat, kumpira, beans and lentils. There he and the immature bananas and apples. Cellulose-a polysaccharide found in cell walls. Pectin-polysaccharide that is found in fruits and stems, and is important to create a gel elatiniranje). Glycogen-only polysaccharide of animal origin, is located in the liver and muscles of animals