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Lung Cancer Treatment

Many different treatments can be used in the treatment of lung cancer and / or to improve the quality of life and reduce symptoms



cancers that occur in the lungs are divided into two major types: non-small cell lung cancer, lung and small cell lung cancer, lung, depending on the microscopic appearance of cells. Each type of lung cancer grows and spreads in different ways, and be treated differently. Non-small cell lung lung cancer is more common than lung cancer mikrocelularnog and generally grows and spreads more slowly. There are three main types of non-mikrocelularnog lung cancer. Their names correspond to the type of cells that occur: squamous cell carcinoma (epidermoid carcinoma), adenocarcinoma and large cell carcinoma. Microcellular lung cancer is less common than non-mikrocelularnog lung cancer. It grows rapidly and often spreads to other organs in the body. The best way to prevent lung cancer is to quit or never start smoking or Recognizing the symptoms The most common signs and symptoms of lung cancer are: - A cough that does not stop in time to worsening - Constant chest pain - Coughing up blood - The feeling of shortness of breath, hoarseness, or boos when breathing - Repeated pneumonia or bronchitis - Swelling neck and face - Loss of appetite or weight loss - Fatigue The cause of these symptoms may be lung cancer or other conditions. It is important to consult a physician. Treatment of Lung Cancer Method of treating lung cancer is influenced by many factors, including the fish-trap cancer (non-small cell lung and small cell lung cancer), its size, accommodation, extent and general condition of the patient. Many different treatments can be used in the treatment of lung cancer and / or to improve the quality of life and reduce symptoms. Surgical removal of the cancer. Choose the type of surgery performed depends on the location of the tumor in the lung. The surgery to remove only a small portion of the lung is called a segmental resection. When the surgeon removes an entire lobe of the lung is called a lobectomy. Pneumonectomy is the removal of an entire lung. Some tumors are inoperable (can not be removed by surgery) because of their size or location, and some patients can not have surgery for other medical reasons. Chemotherapy is the use of anticancer drugs to kill cancer cells throughout the body. Even after removal of cancer of the lung, cancer cells may still be present in the surrounding tissues and elsewhere in the body. Radiation therapy involves the use of high-energy radiation to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy is directed to a limited area and affects the cancer cells only in the area. Radiation therapy may be used before surgery to shrink the tumor or after surgery to destroy any cancer cells in the treated area. Doctors often use radiotherapy in combination with chemotherapy as primary treatment instead of surgery. Radiation therapy is also used to relieve symptoms such as shortness of breath. The source of radiation in the treatment of lung cancer most often comes from a machine (external radiation), but as a source to come from an implant (a small container of radioactive material) placed directly into or near the tumor (internal radiation). Photodynamic therapy (PDT), a type of laser therapy, involves the use of specific substances that are injected into the bloodstream and absorbed by cells throughout the body. The chemical rapidly leaves normal cells but remains in cancer cells over a prolonged time. A laser beam aimed at the cancer activates the chemical, which then kills the cancer cells that have absorbed. Photodynamic therapy can be used to reduce the symptoms of lung cancer - for example, to control bleeding or to relieve breathing problems due to blocked airways when the cancer can not be surgically removed. Photodynamic therapy may also be used to treat very small tumors in patients who were indicated by other forms of treatment.




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